Advocates for laws against hate speech argue that they are compatible with protections on freedom of speech because under all legal codes and international human rights protections, freedom of expression has limitations. Hate Speech vs. Hate speech and bullying often overlap. Bullying, whether in-person or online, is defined as repeated, unwanted, aggressive behavior that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. Often, but not always, bullying can involve demeaning a person based on characteristics such as their race, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, disability or body image.
In some of these cases, depending on the motivation and content of the aggression, bullying could also be defined as hate speech.
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In these cases, bullying takes on an especially harmful dimension. Hate speech can harm individuals, communities and societies. Research focused on the impact of racial, ethnic, religious, gendered, and LGBTQ hate speech finds that the targets of hate speech can experience negative emotional, mental, and physical consequences.
These can include low self-worth, anxiety, fear for their lives, and even self-harm or suicide. Hate speech harms our relationships with each other. It interferes with our ability to communicate with others and to empathize. Because it often relies on stereotypes and scapegoating, it negatively impacts our ability to address the root causes of social problems. Therefore hate speech can also harm communities, even when it targets individuals.
Online hate speech has resulted in serious offline harms. Recently, dangerous speech in online contexts, specifically on social media, has resulted in deaths in places like Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Uganda. But there have also been examples in the U. Although not everyone who engages in hate speech commits violent crimes, many people who commit hate crimes point to hate speech on the internet as their inspiration for such acts.
Hate speech harms everyone. Expressions of hate against minority populations can be used to normalize discrimination, outbreaks of hate crimes, and targeted violence. Even for those who simply witness it, hate speech harms our ability to effectively process information. Many examples of online disinformation are centered around exploiting social struggles around race and ethnicity, deepening these social rifts through use of hate speech.
This is designed to inflame our emotions and prevent us from evaluating the truth or falsity of the claim. Critical speech. Not all negative speech is hate speech. You could, for example, disagree with a religious doctrine or policy without being hateful. You could be opposed to a government whose citizens widely practice a particular religion or are from a dominant ethnic group without being hateful to that group.
Teachers who sexually abuse students still find classroom jobs
You could criticize customs practiced by different groups without necessarily demeaning individuals in those groups or threatening their well-being. You can certainly disagree or criticize a public official or any other person without it being hate speech. However, there are certain types of speech that cross the line, For example, it is perfectly okay to criticize the views of Jewish, African American or LGBTQ leaders, but sometimes those criticisms are framed in a way designed to imply that the criticism is based, at least in part, on their identity rather than what they say or how they act.
This can be nuanced, and sometimes hard to prove, but it is an important distinction. People create hate speech for a variety of reasons. Hate speech can also be a product of lack of knowledge, experience, or reflection if the speakers come from an environment where slurs are commonplace. Speakers may be unfamiliar with members of a targeted group, and not realize they are stereotyping or using language that could be considered hateful.
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They may also lack knowledge about the relevant facts. One example could be a person who uses a slur referring to a religious stereotype, without any personal knowledge of the beliefs of that religion or the history of discrimination toward that group. Perhaps they have a good reason to dislike specific people from that group and falsely assume that most people from that group have the same negative characteristics.
Finally, hate speech is dependent upon context. What may be hate speech in one context can be innocent or even positive when used in other contexts. There are, for example, terms that are generally considered to be hateful when used by someone outside the targeted group that can be used as a term of endearment within the group. Free Speech and Online Platforms. The internet hosts many types of media and content. Hate speech can be found in a variety of platforms and online forums.
Generally, platforms known for more permissive terms of service or those who do not engage in active content moderation will likely have more hate speech. Although these companies prohibit and strive to take-down hate speech, they are not always able to do so. The majority of public critique about hate speech falls on mainstream popular platforms, but many young people are moving to newer online spaces, especially gaming-related, live streaming, and image sharing platforms. Hate speech can be found in videos, cartoons, drawing, even photos. Image and video-based platforms can also contain hateful content.
These have a range of moderation, from users enforcing and creating the rules to no moderation. As a result, schoolchildren across the nation continue to be beaten, raped and harassed by their teachers while government officials at every level stand by and do nothing.
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- Charles Hobson, Ph.D., addresses serious issue of ‘Passing the Trash’ in K-12 schools.
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The investigation uncovered more than teachers who lost their licenses but are still working with children or young adults today. Among the findings:.
The secrecy makes it easier for troubled teachers to find new jobs working with children. A private high school in Louisiana hired a teacher who was a registered sex offender in Texas. Students using a simple Web search uncovered his past. Though 41 states have laws requiring public school administrators to report the firing or resignation of a teacher to state education officials, violations of those laws rarely have consequences. At every level, institutions and officials charged with ensuring the safety of children have failed. Lawmakers have ignored a federal mandate to add safeguards at the state level.
And administrators have pursued quiet settlements rather than public discipline. A series of high-profile abuse cases and media investigations in the s and s put a spotlight on lax regulations by government officials at every level. A few states, including Florida, Missouri and Oregon, instituted tough laws and regulations to crack down on abusive teachers and publicly report their names.
Congress passed a law in December requiring states to ban school districts from secretly passing problem teachers to other jurisdictions or face losing federal funds. But 45 states have not instituted a ban. Inconsistencies in state background check rules and the lack of a government-run tracking system for serious teacher misconduct continue to hinder efforts to root out problem educators. In each instance, the teacher had been disciplined for sexual misbehavior in a prior school district.
Those cases were among many identified as part of a two-year investigation by USA TODAY Network into flawed screening mechanisms that allow educators with troubled pasts to work with children again in public schools and private settings. Though passing the trash can be the most expeditious way for a school district to rid itself of a bad teacher — often helping avoid the cost of lawsuits or the burden of fighting teachers unions at termination hearings — the consequences for students can be devastating.
In an ongoing federal lawsuit, a former student testified that New Mexico elementary school teacher Gary Gregor repeatedly touched her legs in class and invited her to sleep in his bed with him. Gregor, who has denied the allegations in the civil suit, resigned from another school district where he was accused of engaging in similar behavior. He declined to comment due to the pending litigation.
I thought I could trust adults, right? McFarlin, a graduate of Texas Tech with a major in exercise sport science, had more than a decade of experience as an educator. There was nothing on his criminal background check. His Texas Education license record showed no disciplinary actions. Neither the agency nor Johnson responded to requests for comment. Within weeks of the start of the school year, according to court records, he had sex with one of his year-old students.
In the past, conduct that could have been considered the precursor to grooming behavior by predatory teachers might have been considered professionally inappropriate, but not criminally reportable, Shell said in her email. As the new program moves forward, she said, there may be an increase in reports of suspected misconduct that makes students or staff feel uncomfortable.
We pledge that we will act responsibly to take each report seriously and to intervene through our personnel policies to deal with concerns as appropriate. Outgoing Redlands Unified Trustee Donna West said Tuesday the new policy should reduce the ability of teachers to prey on vulnerable students. West declined to comment on the string of settlements that Redlands Unified has paid out to victims of sexual misconduct, the latest announced Friday, Dec.
He is charged with 15 felonies and stands accused of having sex with two underage girls , shooting pornographic video and nude photos of them and providing them drugs and alcohol, as well as molesting other students.
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